The complicity role of French ambassadors to Rwanda between October 1990 and April 1994 was an occasion of a series of commitments alongside Juvenile Habyarimana’s regime that they would commit, the statement reads in part.
The commitment between the two governments would be Genocide against the Tutsi taking place four years later.
“French officials were deeply involved in the genocide masterminding.”
Among them are France’s ambassador to Rwanda from 1989 to 1993 Georges Martres and ambassador from March 1993 to April 1994 Jean –Michel Marlaud.
“Various engagements carried out between 1990 and 1993 show that Georges Martres was perfectly aware of the preparation of the genocide against the Tutsi and that he knowingly supported the regime that was preparing to exterminate a part of its population.”
In 1998,Martres before the French Parliamentary Information Mission, acknowledged that he was aware of the impending genocide against the Tutsi since the end of 1990.
Martres said, “The genocide was foreseeable from that period. Some Hutus had the boldness to refer to it. Colonel Serubuga, then Deputy Chief of Staff of the Rwandan army, had hailed the RPF attack, which he said would serve as justification for the massacres of the Tutsi.”
The genocide, he noted, was a daily worry for the Tutsi.
“From the beginning of October 1990, thousands of people were imprisoned in Kigali, mostly because of their belonging to the Tutsi minority or just because they had sympathies or some shared interests with the Tutsi.”
Rwandan military officials and French diplomats met and discussed the possibility to commit the Genocide against the Tutsi mostly cited by high Rwandan officials, essentially military.
“They are very few, we will liquidate them”.
The chief of staff of gendarmerie, Pierre Celestin Rwagafirita, told French-October 1990 to April 1993 head of military cooperation mission General Jean Varret, that Tutsi would be killed.
Martres was aware of Rwandan senior officers’ intention to exterminate the Tutsi and maintained his support for the regime and its army.
“There are some symptoms indicating that this conflict may eventually degenerate into an ethnic war,” Martres said in telegram on October 12 1990 describing the Anti-Tutsi nature and possibility of a Genocide.
The arrests of suspects in the city of Kigali alone would amount to several ten thousands minimum.
“Interrogations are violent; people are imprisoned several days without food or drink. Indeed, Rwandan officials have asserted that Tutsi invaders have inscriptions on them, demanding the return of Tutsi kingship ‘Ramba Mwami’ (Honour the king). This also prohibits any national reconciliation between Hutu of the North and the Hutu of the South as well as some liberal Tutsi who were still hoping for democracy that Habyarimana had promised”.
In the telegram of 13th October 1990, Martres said the hunt for Tutsi populations had become widespread, but still called for increased military aid to the regime that was committing these crimes.
“Hutu peasants organized by the MRND have intensified the search for suspected Tutsi in the hills, the killings are reported in the area of Kibirira region, 20 kilometres northwest of Gitarama. The risk of generalization, already reported, of this confrontation and seems to occur. Government forces are likely to suffer from their small number and lack in terms of materials and technicians, and can no longer exploit further the loyalty of citizens who are increasingly participating in military action through armed self-defense groups armed with rudimentary weapons like bows and machetes. They could not eventually also reverse the situation in their favor with a sustained external support. Hence the appeal to friends; France in particular.”
In 1991,Martres was interrogated by the international mission of investigation by five international non-governmental organizations about the massacres of Bagogwe in the former prefectures of Ruhengeri and Gisenyi. He reduced them to simple acts of vengeance, and minimized the severity hence clearing the Rwandan authorities yet they were the instigators and direct perpetrators of the killings.
He said: “I was informed of several murders that were committed in different parts of Rwanda. I hope these are isolated cases and that the government will make efforts to end these acts of vengeance which impede on national reconciliation, of which the pursuit would lead the country to ruin. ”
Marlaud Jean-Michel, like his predecessor, admonished the State of terrorism practiced by the Habyarimana regime but later demonstrated affinities with Hutu extremist parties and involved in active execution of the genocide.
Before the French Parliamentary Information Mission on France’s actions in Rwanda, Marlaud acknowledged to having received sufficient information on the impending genocide against the Tutsi.
He said, “This information comprised an additional element of the long series of alerts of which the Embassy was held concerned; the resumption of the offensive by the RPF one day, the beginning of a massacre next day.”
Michel Cuingnet, the October 1992-September 1994 head of France Cooperation Mission to Rwanda, told the French Mission of information that the Embassy was aware of preparations for Genocide.
“On 8th January 1994 there was distribution of weapons by the army in Hutu dominated villages in the northwest of the country and on 19th January 1994, a letter from Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana sent to MRND ministers, called on the defence minister to carry out the distribution. The same day, Mr. Roger Booh-Booh, the United Nations representative said that all weapons in secret weapon stores had disappeared”.
Rwanda wants France tried for the accomplice in the Genocide.