According to season agriculture survey Season, B 2018, cassava production yields increased by 1 percent according to the statistical report released by the National Institute of Statistics in partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture in October this year.
Cassavas was among the main four crops followed by banana for beer by 6 percent, and 2 percent increase for bush bean, however there no change on Sorghum production compared with the last season stats report, NISR reveals.
High production yields were reported in the districts of Bugesera 16.8%, Nyagatare 51.3%, Gatsibo 4.9 % Gisagara 8.8%, and Kayonza 26.2 %.
Cassava was among the four main crops with large areas under cultivation, with 346,304.4 metric tons produced, for the banana for beer it was MT 142,077M, while 118,111 MT was for sorghum.
In general, there was an increase of production of the main crops compared to the 2017 season B production estimates, NIRS confirmed.
According to seasonal agriculture survey Season A 2018 report in June, conducted from December 10th, 2017 to January 30th, 2018, it was indicated that the production of the four main crops grown in terms of cultivated areas, Maize production yield was 6 percent from the 2017 season A production estimates.
Bush beer was at 13 percent while cassava was 486,440 MT, which is an 8% from the 2017 Season A production, while banana for beer underwent a decrease of 4 percent compared with 2017.
The increase in production of cassava is said to be because of increase in cultivation area, use of pesticides, fertilizers, irrigation practices, other inputs as well as high improved seeds that were sown and proper agriculture methods of farming like anti-erosion activities
This year, in Season B for small-scale farmers, in 94.6 percent of all cultivated plots tradition seed were sown, while 5.4 percent of them were improved seed sown.
For large scale farmers, 57.4 per cent of all cultivated plots, traditional seeds were sown, while 42.65 of improved seeds were used, which led to high yields of harvesting this season.
The statistics of seasonal crop yields carried out by NIRS is done using a multiple- frame sampling (MFS) methodology, to gather information mainly regarding potential agricultural land use, crop area, yield, production, agricultural inputs, agricultural practices, and other agricultural items.
In Rwanda, SAS data collection covers three agricultural Seasons whose periods are as follows: season A that starts in September and ends with February of the following year.
Season B that starts in March and ends with June of the same year; and season C that starts in July and ends in September of the same year.
Sampling segments are carried within each selected stratum, the land can be divided into all the sampling units or segments and then a sample of segments selected for a survey.